The Gaurshankhar Conservation Area covers an area of 2,179 square kilometers, including 22 3 district village development committees. Gaurishankhar Conservation Area comprises 16 major vegetation types such as Pinus roxburghii forest, Schima-Castanopsis forest, Alnus forest, Pinus wallichiana forest, Pinus patula forest, Rhododendron forest, Quercus lanata forest, Lower temperate oak forest, Lower temperate mixed broad leaved forest, Abies forest, Upper temperate mixed forest , Temperate mountain oak forest, East Himalayan Oak forest, Juniperus forest, Shrubland and Moist alpine scrubs. The area of gaurishankhar conservation area is somewhat rich in water resources and is a water source of Khimti, Bhotekoshi, Sunkoshi, and Tamakoshi rivers which provide water for some of the country’s major hydropower projects. The area is also renowned for its glacial lakes, specifically the Tso Rolpa that emerged with the possibility of bursting. Glaciers comprise 2.77 percent of the region’s total area.